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Protect Yourself From Over-Wintering Deer Ticks

Female deer ticks

Female deer ticks

Did you know that our cold winter temperatures here in New Jersey do NOT kill off the deer tick population? Many of them manage to survive over the winter and come back in the spring hungry and ready to start feeding. The females start laying eggs almost immediately to quickly rebuild the tick population.

When Ticks Emerge

As daytime temperatures warm up in late winter and early spring, you can expect over-wintering adult and nymphal deer ticks to start emerging.

Female deer ticks lay several thousand eggs each

Female deer ticks lay several thousand eggs each

As the adult black-legged deer ticks (Ixodes scapularis) emerge, the females will seek out a large blood meal to prepare them to lay nearly 3000 eggs in early spring. Deer ticks are opportunistic feeders – they’ll latch onto any passing warm-blooded “meal”, including you and your pets – so start checking for signs of tick bites in early spring.

Tick Larvae

Hatched larvae crawl upwards and congregate near the tips of leaves and tall grass blades waiting for a warm-blooded host to pass by.  Your first instinct may be to freak out if you happen to brush into such a larval cluster, but don’t panic:  larvae are not Lyme disease carriers as they have not yet had their first blood meal so have not had the opportunity to contract the Lyme bacteria.

Cluster of deer tick larvae

Cluster of deer tick larvae

Larvae are tiny and can be difficult to spot, so take the time to check yourself carefully if you’ve been outside in areas where larvae may be.

Nymph Deer Ticks

Half of all nymph deer ticks, on the other hand, are estimated to be infected with the Lyme spirochete.  Because of their small size and difficulty in being detected, they are responsible for 90% of all Lyme disease cases.  Still, it takes 24-48 hours for a tick to transmit enough of the Lyme bacteria to its host, so we recommend careful, daily inspection after spending time outdoors.   

Early Season Tick Control

Deer tick stages from left: larva, nymph, adult male, adult female

Deer tick stages from left: larva, nymph, adult male, adult female

The first spray of our Organic Tick Control program plays an important role in suppressing the tick population for the season. We get them early so the population doesn’t have a chance to start growing.

Learn more about our multi-visit Organic Tick Control programs here >>

And to protect yourself, check out our Tips to Minimize Your Risk for tick and mosquito-borne illness.

Contact us or give us a call at 908-309-6611 for a free estimate and to learn how our Organic Tick Control program can reduce ticks on your property without using harmful synthetic chemicals.

Bill Grundmann

Bill Grundmann

Bill is the owner of Organic Plant Care, LLC. He takes an integrated approach to tree care, focusing not only on the trees themselves but also on the surrounding environment, managing tree health from the "ground up" - healthy soil equals healthy plants. Bill is a New Jersey Licensed Tree Expert and NJ Approved Forester with over 35 years of experience in the tree care industry.
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